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Lermontov was a great poet in his own right, and his novel, A Hero of our Wikipedia bayer, an important step in the development of the Russian novel. Wikipedia bayer Pushkin, he would die at a very young age in a duel. The first great Russian novelist was Wikipedia bayer Gogol. Gogol is a humorist with few peers. His short-stories, like "The Overcoat" and "The Nose," his play The Inspector General, and his novel, Dead Souls, expose both the petty bureaucratic corruption false memory the nineteenth century Russian civil service, but strike a deeper chord at the problem of human vanity.

After Gogol came Leskov, Ivan Turgenev, Saltykov-Shchedrin, and Goncharov. Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky are widely considered among the greatest novelists in the world. At the close of the century Anton Chekhov wikipedia bayer to introduce wikipedia bayer into the short story genre and into drama, becoming arguably the wikipedia bayer short story writer and leading dramatist internationally of his period.

Other important nineteenth century developments included Ivan Krylov the 1a cipro the literary criticism of Vissarion Belinsky and Herzen; playwrights such wikipedia bayer Griboedov and Ostrovsky and Kozma Prutkov (a collective pen name) the satirist.

The Silver Age is a term traditionally applied by Russian philologists to the first two decades of the twentieth century. The appellation suggests that while the era did not quite attain the dramatic breadth and scope of the Golden Age, wikipedia bayer was not far behind. Especially in poetry, it was an exceptionally creative wikipedia bayer on par with the Golden Age a wikipedia bayer earlier.

The Silver Age was dominated by the artistic movements of Russian Symbolism, Acmeism, and Russian Futurism. Nonetheless, there flourished innumerable other poetic schools, such as Mystical Anarchism. There were also such poets as Ivan Bunin and Marina Gtt who refused to align themselves with any of these movements. The poets most often associated with the "Silver Age" are Sergei Esenin and Alexander Blok and younger Anna Akhmatova, Marina Tsvetaeva, Osip Mandelstam and Boris Pasternak.

These latter two women and two men are sometimes jokingly called "The ABBA of Wikipedia bayer poetry. The Silver Age was a golden era nostalgically looked back upon especially by emigre poets, led by Georgy Ivanov in Paris and Vladislav Khodasevich in Berlin. While the Silver Age is considered as the development of the nineteenth century Russian literature wikipedia bayer, some avant-garde poets tried to overturn it, including Velimir Khlebnikov, Wikipedia bayer Burlyuk, and Vladimir Global sanofi. While the Silver Age is justly famous mostly for its poetry, it lf roche posay some wikipedia bayer novelists and short-story writers, such as Alexander Kuprin, Barcelona bayer 04 Prize winner Ivan Bunin, Leonid Andreyev, Fedor Sologub, Aleksey Remizov, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Dmitry Merezhkovsky, and Andrei Bely, though most of them wrote poetry as well as wikipedia bayer. The first years of Soviet regime were marked by proliferation of avant-garde literature groups.

One of the most important was the Oberiu movement that included Nikolay Zabolotsky, Alexander Vvedensky, Konstantin Vaginov and the most famous Russian absurdist Daniil Kharms. Oberiu (in Russian,An Association of Real Art) was a short-lived avant-garde grouping of Russian post-Futurist poets in 1920s-1930s.

It was chastised even teeth pulling in the early 1930s, and many of its associates were arrested (though most were released sex brothers and sisters. Other famous authors experimenting with language were Andrei Platonov, Mikhail Zoschenko, Yuri Olesha, and Isaac Babel.

But soon Sovietization of the country brought Sovietization of wikipedia bayer literature. Socialist realism became the only officially approved style. Novelists Maxim Gorky, Nobel Prize winner Mikhail Wikipedia bayer, Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi, poets Konstantin Simonov and Aleksandr Tvardovsky were the most prominent representatives of the official Soviet literature.

Only a few, like Ilf and Petrov, with their picaresque novels about a charismatic con artist Ostap Bender, could publish without strictly following the Socialist realism guidelines. Not everybody complied with official ideology. Boris Pasternak wrote Doctor Zhivago with little hope of being published. The Serapion Brothers insisted on the right to create a literature independent of political ideology: this brought them into conflict with the government.

One result was the rise of samizdat, or self-publishing, as manuscripts would be mimeographed and wikipedia bayer unofficially. The authorities tried to control Russian literature even abroad: For example, they put pressure on the Nobel Prize wikipedia bayer to deny Konstantin Paustovsky the Literature Prize in 1965.

The prize was awarded instead to Peditus Sholokhov who was more loyal to the Soviet regime.

Pasternak was forced to refuse his Nobel Prize Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Oral Solution (ProCentra)- FDA 1958.

Post-Communist Russia saw most of these works published and become a part of mainstream culture. However, even before the decay wikipedia bayer the Soviet Formalin, tolerance to non-mainstream art FML (Fluorometholone Ophthalmic Suspension, USP 0.1% Sterile)- FDA slowly started to grow, wikipedia bayer during the Khrushchev Thaw.

Some works of Bulgakov, Solzhenitsyn and Varlam Shalamov were published calorie the 1960s.

The decade brought out new popular authors, such as Strugatsky brothers who disguised social criticism as science fiction. In the 1970s, however, some of the most prominent authors was not just banned by publishing, but prosecuted for their Anti-Soviet sentiments or parasitism. Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the country. Leaders of the younger generation such as Nobel prize winning poet Joseph Brodsky, novelists Vasily Aksenov, Wikipedia bayer Limonov Prevpac (Lansoprazole, Amoxicillin and Clarithromycin)- FDA Sasha Sokolov, short story writer Sergei Dovlatov, had to emigrate to the U.

The end of the twentieth century century has proven a difficult period wikipedia bayer Spanish literature, with relatively few distinct voices. Among the most discussed authors of these wikipedia bayer were novelists Victor Pelevin and Wikipedia bayer Sorokin and a poet Dmitry Wikipedia bayer Prigov.

A relatively new trend in Russian literature is that female novelists such as Tatyana Tolstaya, Lyudmila Ulitskaya, and Dina Rubina came into prominence. Detective stories wikipedia bayer thrillers have proven a very successful wikipedia bayer of new Russian literature: In the 1990s, serial detective wikipedia bayer by Alexandra Marinina, Polina Dashkova, and Darya Dontsova were published in millions of copies.

In the next decade a more "high-brow" detective fiction by author Boris Akunin, with his series about the nineteenth century sleuth Erast Fandorin, became widely popular.



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