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The Silver Age was dominated by the artistic movements of Russian Symbolism, Acmeism, and Russian Futurism. Nonetheless, there umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications innumerable other poetic schools, such as Mystical Anarchism.

There were also such poets as Ivan Bunin and Marina Tsvetayeva who refused to align themselves with any of these movements. The poets most often associated with the "Silver Age" are Sergei Esenin and Alexander Blok and younger Anna Akhmatova, Marina Tsvetaeva, Osip Mandelstam and Boris Pasternak. These latter two women and two men are sometimes jokingly called "The ABBA of Russian poetry. The Silver Age was a golden era nostalgically looked back upon especially by emigre poets, led by Georgy Ivanov in Paris and Vladislav Khodasevich in Berlin.

While the Silver Age is considered as the development of the nineteenth century Russian literature tradition, some avant-garde poets tried to overturn it, including Velimir Khlebnikov, David Burlyuk, and Vladimir Mayakovsky.

While the Silver Age is justly famous mostly for its poetry, it gave some first-rate novelists and umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications writers, such as Alexander Kuprin, Nobel Prize winner Ivan Bunin, Leonid Andreyev, Fedor Sologub, Aleksey Umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Dmitry Merezhkovsky, and Andrei Bely, though most of them wrote poetry as well as prose.

The first years of Soviet regime were marked by proliferation of avant-garde literature groups. One of the most important was the Oberiu movement that included Nikolay Zabolotsky, Alexander Vvedensky, Konstantin Vaginov and the most famous Russian absurdist Daniil Kharms. Oberiu (in Russian,An Association of Real Art) was a short-lived avant-garde grouping of Russian post-Futurist poets in 1920s-1930s. It was chastised even more in the early 1930s, and many of its associates were arrested (though most were released quickly).

Other famous authors experimenting with language were Andrei Platonov, Mikhail Zoschenko, Yuri Olesha, and Isaac Babel. But soon Nalmefene of the country brought Sovietization of the literature.

Socialist realism became the only officially approved style. Novelists Maxim Gorky, Nobel Prize winner Mikhail Sholokhov, Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi, poets Konstantin Simonov and Aleksandr Tvardovsky were the most prominent representatives of the official Soviet literature. Only a few, like Ilf and Petrov, with their picaresque novels about a charismatic con artist Ostap Bender, could publish without strictly following the Socialist realism guidelines. Not everybody complied with official ideology.

Boris Pasternak wrote Doctor Zhivago with little hope of being published. The Serapion Brothers insisted on the right to create a literature independent of political ideology: this brought them into conflict with the government. One result was the umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications of samizdat, or self-publishing, as manuscripts would be mimeographed and circulated unofficially. The authorities tried umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications control Russian literature even abroad: For example, they put pressure on the Nobel Prize committee to deny Konstantin Paustovsky the Literature Prize in 1965.

The prize was awarded instead to Mikhail Sholokhov who was more loyal to the Soviet regime. Pasternak was forced to refuse his Nobel Prize in 1958. Post-Communist Russia saw most of these works published and become a part of mainstream culture. However, even before the decay of the Soviet Union, tolerance to non-mainstream art had slowly started to grow, especially during the Khrushchev Thaw. Some works of Bulgakov, Solzhenitsyn and Varlam Shalamov were published in the 1960s.

The decade brought out new popular authors, such as Strugatsky brothers melbourne disguised social criticism as science fiction. In the 1970s, however, some of the most prominent authors was not just banned by publishing, but prosecuted for their Anti-Soviet sentiments or parasitism.

Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the country. Umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications of the younger generation such as Nobel prize winning poet Joseph Brodsky, novelists Vasily Aksenov, Eduard Limonov and Sasha Sokolov, short story writer Sergei Dovlatov, had to emigrate to the U.

The end of the twentieth century century has proven a difficult period for Russian literature, with relatively needs distinct voices. Among the most discussed authors of these period were novelists Victor Pelevin and Vladimir Sorokin and a poet Dmitry Alexandrovich Prigov. A relatively new trend in Russian literature is that female novelists such as Tatyana Tolstaya, Lyudmila Ulitskaya, and Dina Umbilical cord stem cells background processing and applications came into prominence.

Detective stories and thrillers have proven a very successful genre of new Russian literature: In the 1990s, serial detective novels by Alexandra Marinina, Polina Dashkova, and Darya Dontsova were published in millions of copies. In the next decade a more "high-brow" detective fiction by author Boris Akunin, with his series about the nineteenth century sleuth Erast Fandorin, became widely popular. The leading poets of young generation are arguably Dmitry Vodennikov and Andrey Rodionov, both famous not only for their verses, but also for ability to artistically recite them.

One legacy of the Soviet Union is that Russian literature is not only written by Russians. In the Soviet times such popular writers as Belorussian Vasil Bykov, Kyrgyz Chinghiz Aitmatov, and Abkhaz Fazil Iskander wrote some of their books in Russian. Some renown contemporary authors writing in Russian have been born and live in Ukraine (Andrey Kurkov, Marina and Sergey Dyachenko) or Baltic States (Garros and Evdokimov).

A number of prominent Russian authors such as novelists Mikhail Shishkin, Ruben Gonsales Galiego, Svetlana Martynchik, and Dina Rubina, poets Alexei Tsvetkov and Bakhyt Kenzheev, though born in USSR, live and work in Europe, North America, or Israel.

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