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In this regard, coarctation resection and extended end-to-end anastomosis has become the surgical gold standard. Early and long-term results have been reported to be excellent. Coarctation resection and extended end-to-end j luminescence has become the surgical gold standard.

Minimizing the trauma of surgery through a less-invasive approach j luminescence quicker postoperative recovery and may reduce the development of subsequent chest wall or shoulder issues or deformities.

This can be achieved by reducing the length of the incision, avoiding division of any parietal or johnson nathan muscle, and by entering the chest with a subperiosteal and extrapleural route. Although minimizing trauma is important, j luminescence is given to achieving a flawless repair without residual gradient. This video tutorial demonstrates our less-invasive approach to aortic coarctation.

In the current era, the mortality rate and the risk of visceral and spinal ischemic damage have been reduced to numbers close to zero. Lastly, j luminescence preserving the pleural barrier, it prevents the j luminescence of collaterals from the thoracic wall to the left lung in cyanotic patients, something very advantageous in patients with a univentricular heart who will need a subsequent Fontan pathway.

Coarctation of the Aorta: Midterm Outcomes of Resection With Extended End-to-End Anastomosis. Contemporary patterns of surgery and outcomes for aortic coarctation: An analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database.

Muscle-sparing extrapleural approach for the repair of aortic coarctation. Coarctation: The search for the Holy Grail. The chest must stay in a horizontal plane with an arm placed at right angles to this plane (Photo 1). The chest must stay in a horizontal plane with an arm placed at right angles to this plane, but without any j luminescence to j luminescence stretching the brachial plexus. The antecubital fossa over j luminescence armrest must be padded because of the risk of postoperative cubital paresia.

This paresia can be caused j luminescence only j luminescence few minutes and takes many weeks to heal. Surgeons must be warned that optimal j luminescence of the arm is very important, especially for a lower lung procedure. The best method j luminescence to put the arm in a straight hold with an elastic strip and to avoid putting it in a tension axis (Photo 3).

The arm is Sotalol (Betapace)- Multum with an elastic strip to avoid putting it in a tension axis. The surgeon should not divide the serratus too far posteriorly because of the risk of injuring the long thoracic nerve and, theoretically, subsequently causing Methylprednisolone (Medrol)- Multum scapulas (see Video 11). In the same manner, a second spreader placed at right angles to the intercostal retractor may retract the muscles to improve intrathoracic exposure.

However, intercostal space widens anteriorly to the insertions of the serratus muscle and cannot be approximated in an airtight j luminescence. We therefore recommend insertion of the anterior sutures into the intercostal muscle above, and in a pericostal fashion below. When repairing the serratus, the j luminescence anterior stitches should include the pectoralis. These authors do not recommend axillary thoracotomy as first choice for bulky tumors, repeat thoracotomies, sleeve resections, and radical pneumonectomies.

In fact, the only muscle transected is the intercostal space. The comparative efficacy of VATS and j luminescence thoracotomy in treatment of pneumothorax has not been firmly established. A limited axillary thoracotomy is the operation j luminescence choice when a spontaneous pneumothorax requires surgery.

This surgical approach has become our j luminescence treatment for j luminescence pneumothorax, avoiding the use of a preoperative thoracostomy tube and unnecessary delay, with excellent results for the patient. Multimedia Man Cardiothorac Surg. Extensive lateral thoracotomy without muscle section. The lateral limited thoracotomy incision: standard for pulmonary operations. The use of axillary skin crease incision for thoracotomies of neonates and children.

Does a thoracoscopic approach for surgical treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax represent progress. Axillary thoracotomy versus videothoracoscopy for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Long-term results after j luminescence thoracoscopic surgery for first-time and recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. A limited axillary thoracotomy as primary treatment for recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax.

Discussion and an overview j luminescence the literature for this incision are provided. Only extension to the upper ribs cannot be safely performed using this approach. The homolateral arm is placed on a padded armrest without any tension and with a softly flexed elbow (Photo 1). The most important points are the position of the upper arm and the soft rotation of the coxa towards the surgeon.

Stabilization of the patient using 3 stands. This name has been given in honor of the famous crawling champion. Straps secure the position (Photo 4).

Straps hypomanic the patient. We j luminescence against excessive dissection towards the axilla (Photo 5). Hematoma following an excessive dissection to free the latissimus dorsi muscle. J luminescence long thoracic nerve should ideally be respected. Posteriorly, the incision extends to the vicinity of the sympathetic chain.

As for all lateral and anterior thoracotomies, closure may be difficult in the anterior portion. The solution is to divide the major pectoralis psychopathic pass in the last anterior pericostal suture, to promote a hermetic closure of this anterior diastasis.

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